Bushehr province covers an area of 23,168 km and lies on the coast of the Persian Gulf. It is surrounded by the provinces of Khuzestan and Kohgilouyeh-va-Boirahmad on the west and Fars on the east. This province has a capital by the same name and its other major towns are Dashtestan, Dashti, Dayyer, Deylam, Genaveh, Kanganand tangestan. In 1996, the population of Bushehr province was 743,675. The major products of Bushehr are dates, citrus fruits, wheat, grain, and tobacco. Because it has a long coast on the Persian Gulf (about 600 km), fishing is one of the essential activities of this province. Iran’s only atomic power plant, which is presently under construction, lies in this province. The major industries of Bushehr are those of chemicals, foodstuffs, and pharmaceuticals. The climate of this province is warm and humid in the coastal regions, and warm and dry in the northern parts. The average temperature in Bushehr is 26.6°c in spring, 32.2°c in summer, 22.7°c in autumn, and 15.8°c in winter. In a study carries out over a 30-year period, the average temperature of this province was established to be 24.5°c; average relative humidity at 06:30 hours, 77%, and at 12:30 hours, 51%; average annual rainfall, 237.1 mm; the maximum amount of rainfall over a single day, 150 mm; the average number of hours of sunshine over the entire year, 3,062.9; maximum wind speed, 29 meters per second, blowing in the direction of 240. The temperature in Bushahr has never fallen below 0c. This province, which is considered to be one of the warmest and most humid provinces of Iran, has a relatively moderate climate in winter. Bushehr is also subject to seasonal winds of the Persian Gulf which sometimes cause heavy damages. Bushehr historical areas like other historical cities contain gates, towers, bazaar, cistern, bathroom, mosque, governmental citadel, square, etc. it also contains 1,000 houses that are the physical elements of constituting an Iranian-Islamic town. This area prosperity dates back to Qajar when Bushehr was Iran's gateway for different nations. Bushehr historical area dates back to the reign of Nader Shah Afshar period. Its close proximity to Shiraz as the Iranian capital was the reason for its importance during the Zand period. Generally, up to about 1335 AH, Bushehr port was limited to historical area and the most unique and important urban function to ensure the resident’s life, centralized in this area, but the organic area of the city has undergone severe physical, economic and performance damages as the result of the urban changes. Bushehr historical areas mansion and residential buildings have unique features so that it is impossible to find out the same in some other parts of the country. This style of architecture is famous as "Beit Milani". Interior and exterior facades of the building are the most important distinguishing historic features of Bushehr, which is limited to the houses central facades in the central areas of Iran. The main materials used in the building structures were stone, wood, and stucco. Stucco, lime, mirror work, Orsi , Lambe Kobi, etc.., are decorations which can be seen in Bushehr historical area. Constitutive elements of the house in the historic areas are; 1-entrance 2- central courtyard 3- rooms 4-Terrace “Shanashil “ or “Shanashir” which is known as “Moshrebie“ in the southern coast of Persian Gulf and it can be seen on the exterior facades and sometimes on interior sides as decorative and climate elements. The wooden or metal shutter balcony that is placed in front of the upper floors' doors and has an important role in both air circulating inside the room and access to different spaces of the building. 5-The roof and parapet 6- -Pier and troughs body 7- Wooden Sheds and structures 8-entrance door 9- windward 10- stairs 11- fence. Visit one of the most beautiful coastal cities in the south of Iran. Take a boat tour through the Persian Gulf, visit Museum of Anthropology and Maritime Museum of the sea and the Persian Gulf. Savor local cuisines like Gheymeh and traditional local seafood made of fish and shrimp. Book your tour as a private departure, with your own local tour guide and all the benefits of INBOUND PERSIA group tour for any group, big or small even just one traveler (any day you want)

Bushehr Briefly 

Bushehr province is of the southern provinces of Iran in terms of having the largestarea is the seventeenth biggest province and is located at the region of the Persian Gulf. Bushehr Bandar (port) is the center of this province.  Due to being located at the strategic Persian Gulf coast, maritime exports, and imports, fishing industry, having natural gas and oil reservoirs, agriculture and palm orchards and having a nuclear powerplant, this province has special strategic and economic importance; so much that it has been called the energy capital of Iran. The struggle of the Tangestan people against the foreign forces during the last century is of the importanthistorical indicators of this province. Bushehr has humid, hot summers, mild winters, and pleasant springs. The civilization of Bushehr city return to Elamite dynasty andthe older name of Boushehr was Liyan, a port city which was a cultural centerin the old world and bridge connecting the civilization of the East and West. Bushehrcity is famous because of fantastic seafood dishes like Qalieh Meigoo and Qalieh Mahi. Lanjor Lenj are built in Bushehr city, Trip and Travel with Lenj or Lanj is amazing. These small, hand-built wooden boats are used by the inhabitants of southern Iran to sail, trade and fish on the Persian Gulf. The skill of building and sailing these traditional fishing boats was inscribed on the UNESCO LIST OF INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE IN 2011

Bushehr , Iran

Bushehr during various ages 

Bushehr, city in southwestern Iran, located on the Persian Gulf in a vast plain running along the coastal region, the capital of Bushehr Province. Bushehr is a majorfishing and commercial port (so-called Bandar-e Bushehr). It is one of thechief ports of Iran and is at a distance of 1,218 km. from Tehran, and has ahot, humid climate. The strategic location of the city of Bushehr has been the mainreason for the establishment of the port of Bushehr. During the 1st and 2nd Millennium BCE, the Peninsula of Bushehr was a thriving and flourishing seat of civilization called "Rey Shahr". Many relics have been found in this regard related to the Elamite era and the civilization of Shush (Susa). These structures of "Rey Shahr" are said to be related to Ardeshir of Sassanid dynasty and "Rey Shahr" was formerly known by the name of Ram Ardeshir. Thereby through the passage of time came to be called Rey Shahrand thence Bushehr.  It is obvious that the Persian Gulf and consequently the province of Bushehr enjoys a remarkable situation with trade in addition to its remarkable situation regarding military affairs. For these reasons, the Europeans were interested to take control of the region and the city of Bushehr. The Portuguese invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 CE and attempted to take the place of the Egyptian and the Vinecian traders who were dominant in the region

 

Old Port of Bushehr

In 1734 Nader Shah of Afsharid dynasty chose it as the site for an Iranian navalbase. During the Zand era, the region was a place for political challenges between different political groups. When the Qajar dynasty replaced the Zanddynasty, they gain less control on the region of the Persian Gulf, so the British influence in the region increased gradually. At the end of the 18th century, the British and Dutch transferred their regional commercial offices to Bushehr, and during the 19th century the town was prominent as the home of the British political agent for the Persian Gulf. The Consulate General of British governed Bushehr for 20 years. This situation had lasted till 1913, and during the long battle between the Iranian and the British troops, the Iranians lostin 1857 and the British influence expanded to include all the Persian Gulf cost. But in 1913 the Iranians won the long battle. Consequently, Britain movedits diplomatic and commercial center across the Persian Gulf to the Arabian Peninsula at the beginning of the 20th century

 

A Shrimp Seller at Fisher Market in Bushehr

The city was economically depressed until the 1960s when the government initiated amajor development program. In 1975 the government began building a nuclear power plant at Bushehr. This facility was only partially completed when it was bombed by Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988). When Germany, the initial backer of the plant, declined to complete it after the war, Iran tried tosecure aid from other countries. In 1995, however, Russia signed an agreement to finish the plant. Bushehr is one of the important ports in the Persian Gulf which has an international airport, and high ways connect the city to Ahvaz to the northwest and Shiraz to the northeast. A secondary coastal road links Bushehrto Bandar-e Abbas to the southwest. The old section of central Bushehr has many examples of traditional Persian Gulf architecture from the period 1870 to 1920. Bushehr is an export market for the farm produce of the neighboring and fertile Fars Province. Bushehr's industries include seafood canneries, food-processing plants, and engineering firms. It has a population of 205,320 (2001 estimate)

 

Major natural features

The Oman Sea and the Persian Gulf in the west and southwest of this province, offer a great source of marine life and excellent habitat for birds. They also provide a good opportunity for swimming, boat-riding, and water-skiing. Dalaki River, 170 km long, is one of the major rivers of this province. The construction of Shabankareh dam on this river has provided excellent means of irrigating the surrounding land and great opportunities for recreation. Mond River, 685km long, has many branches and pours into the Persian Gulf, at the port of Kangan. The marsh of Helleh, where the two rivers of Dalaki and Shapoor meet, hosts a large number of migrating birds each year and is a great source of attraction. This province is very rich in mineral hot water springs which are used for therapeutic purposes by many people. The most prominent are springs of Dalaki, near Borazjan; Mirahmad on Ahrom-Khormoj road, and Ahrom. Khark Island, the most significant island of Iran, is under Bushehr province administration. In addition to its great facilities for loading of oil, this island possesses numerous historic monuments. It is one of the major islands for berthing of ocean-going oil tankers. The continuation of the Zagros range of mountains along the northern parts of Bushehr province forms its major highlands, whose highest peak is Mount Siyah (Black). This region is also home to different species of games such as the wild goat and ram

 

Traditional Clothes in Bushehr 

Iran as a multi-ethnic and multicultural society has a varied population dispersed in different parts of Iran, from north to south and west to east. Even though the majority of Iranian are Persian, various ethnic groups exist in the country with their own language, tradition, costumes, and clothes. Due to the diversity of Iranian ethnicity, Iranian people both men and women wear embroidered designs and colorful patterns. Traveling to Iran presents you with a wide range of clothes belonging to different cities or cultures in order to show the glorious Persian heritage, a prodigious beauty that penetrates your soul. Clothing is a vital issue from the ancient era until now in the contemporary lifestyle. It is necessary to mention that religious beliefs have very important effects on choosing the type of clothes especially in the villages of Iran. The people on the shores of the Persian Gulf wear distinctive types of dress concerning three provinces named; Khuzestan, Hormozgan, and Bushehr.

Women’sclothing consists of dress, head covering, trousers and shoes. Black scarf ofthin silk-wrapped around the head and fastened on the top with a metal pin is acommonplace head covering among women. Some of the women in the south of Iran usuallycover their face and it is completely different from the culture of people inthe north of Iran. Women in the south of Iran are used to color their hands, it isfamous as Hana in Persian and Arab culture. Then you can see a similaritybetween the two cultures.Menput on a small white or colored cap, over which a 2-meter-long cloth is wrappedaround the body. Older men prefer to wear white and on the other hand, youngmen usually put on colored ones. Wearing different kinds of shoes among men isvery common in south of Iran such as Harza, malaki and Jufi

Traditional Clothes in Bushehr ,Iran

 

MAIN TOURISM ATTRACTIONS 

 

SIRAF ANCIENT CITY

Siraf is located southeast of the port of Bushehr near the small port of Taheri.This ancient city encompasses the three ports of 'Bandar-e-Taheri', 'Bandar-e-Kangan'and 'Bandar-e-Dayer'. Siraf dates back to the Sassanian period and originallywas known as 'Ardeshir Aab' due to the fact that Ardeshir Babakan set up a water way network here in order to facilitate port activities for which he was responsible. Ancient relics in this region are: Parts of a defense fort related to the end of the Sassanian era and the Siraf Jame' mosque related to the end of the (2nd century AH ) A part of the locality where the wealthy people resided including several small mosques of the (3rd and 4th century AH). Anumber of (mass) graves or tombs, a palace-like edifice, and few other buildings.

 

Rishahr Beach

Geographically located in the southern part of Bushehr, Rey Shahr is a historical monument attracting a lot of visitors every year. Due to its geostrategic location, the city was one of the connecting junction between the east and west part of the ancient world. The objects excavated in Rey Shahr date back to 3rd to 1st millennium BC. In 1914, a French archeologist found many other items there such as inscriptions of the Elam king and patterned potteries. According to the inscriptions, Rey Shahr was called Lian during Elamite and was one of the most important cities of that kingdom. Ardashir the Unifier founded many cities during his kingdom, Rio Ardashir was one of them which is believed to be the reconstruction of the ancient Lian. During Sassanid dynasty, Rey Shahr was an important center for literature and science and many scientists and writers used to live there. The city was prosperous for centuries after the advent of Islam. It seems that Rey Shahr owned two thousand residential units in the 16th century and then the population of the city was transferred to Bushehr when Nader shah was ruling Iran under Afsharid dynasty.

 

OLD AND HISTORICAL HOUSES

Generally speaking the architecture of houses suits and coincides with the environmentand climate of this region, these structures are named as Qaazy House (Bushehr), Rais Ali Delvari House (Bushehr), Malek Edifice (Bushehr), Darya Beigi Edifice, Dehdashti Edifice, the Cultural Heritage Building, the Shahrdari (Municipality) Building, the Kazerooni Building (Bushehr) and a few others. Allof these buildings are designed according to local condition for combating warmth and humidity with using fine decorative arts worth seeing

Old and Historical Houses of Bushehr ,Iran

Saadat School 

Saadat School, also known as Saadat MozafariSchool is one of Bushehr's attractions located on Imam Street. SaadatSchool, known as the mother of Iranian schools, was founded in 1278 during theQajar period, and was one of the most important educational centers of thattime, and its name was well-known as Dar Al Fonoun. The school was originallyfounded by the ruler of Bushehr in that time, Ahmad Khan Darya Beygi. Great mensuch as Mohammad Bagher Behbahani, Sheikh Abdul Karim Saadat and his brotherMohammad Hossein Saadat were the first teachers of the school. Saadat Schoolwas the first modern school in the south of Iran and played an important rolein creating cultural changes in the region. Nowadays, it is also visited as oneof the historical and cultural attractions of Bushehr. The school's building,its wooden doors, and windows which the upper part is decorated with colorfulglass is very interesting. Mozafar al-Din Shah, the ruler of the Qajar, made agreat deal of money to establish Saadat School so the school was also known asSaadat Mozaffari School. At the beginning of the establishment of this school,the people of Bushehr refused to send their children to school and were alwayscriticized by the people, but later, the school's atmosphere was graduallyfilled with students' motives. Today there is a small museum in the newbuilding next to the Saadat School, where documents, textbooks andstudent-owned objects are publicly displayed. If you are planning your nexttrip to Bushehr join our capable team and travel to Iran to have a memorablejourney and explore the beauty of this province. 

 

Malek Mansion 

Malek Mansion in Bushehr is one of the tourist attractions of this city, located on Mahini Street and Bahmani neighborhood. The mansion dating back to the late Qajar era is considered as one of the most magnificent buildings of its time.If you are interested in Iranian history, travel to Iran and visit this magnificent mansion in Bushehr. Mansions resembling Saadat Mansion mainly belong to the capitalists and businessmen of that time, and this mansion was also the same; a rich businessman called Mohammad Mahdi Malekotojar, due to itsrelationship with domestic and foreign traders, by patterning from them, builta mansion for their business which is known as one of the historical attractions of Bushehr. Malek Mansion in Bushehr was built by French architects with an area of 4,000 square meters. Later, with the British invasion of southern Iran, Malek Mansion in Bushehr was occupied by the British and for along time was as their military head quarters. After a few years, Malekotojar was bankrupted and the British bought the exquisite items at a low price and took them to England. Later in the reign of Reza Shah, this building was rebuilt. Malek Mansion includes several sections such as a counter, a platform,an entrance, and the main building. The main building is the most important part of this mansion, built-in 2 floors and the paintings of the walls attract your attention. To visit the Malek Mansion and other attractions of Bushehr keep in touch with our experts to enjoy your trip to Iran

Malek Mansion , Bushehr Iran

The Persian Gulf and Maritime Museum in Bushehr

To visit the first Persian warship called Persepolis that was a gift from Germans to Naser al-Din Shah, we should visit the Persian Gulf and Maritime Museum in Bushehr. The museum is located in Sabzabad district and mirrors the dominance of this province over the Persian Gulf. It includes the Consular Department and pavilion and features various military weapons and equipment. The structure belonged to the British government until World War II, but after transferring UK’s diplomatic representation to Bahrain in 1946, it was handed over to the Iranian government. In the pavilion section, naval equipment, various documents, as well as biographies of navy martyrs during the holy defense of Iran against Iraq are exhibited. In addition, in the exterior part of the museum different types of military boats, submarines and other equipment designed by Iranian engineers are also displayed.  The Persian Gulf and Maritime Museum in Bushehr are now considered as the most important tourist attractions in this province

 

Bushehr Old Bazaar

Traditional bazaars are interesting for tourist not only as a place for people to trade but also there are signs of the culture and livelihood of the host community. The Old Bazaar of Bushehr is one of Bushehr's sights, which is located in Dehdashti neighborhood in the old context of this city. This bazaar, which dates back to the Qajar era, was one of the most beautiful and crowded places in Bushehr, where various goods were bought and sold. There were 250 shops in Bushehr Old Bazaar based on the architecture of the Qajar dynasty, in which Muslims and minorities were trading together. This market has been rebuilt in recent years, and nowadays you will see people and shopkeepers are working there. The architecture of the old bazaar has attracted the attention of tourists; the market structure is designed to protect shoppers from sunlight in the summer and rain in the winter. The main part of the market is in the south to north direction and other parts are from east to the west. There are two markets known as Moeenotojar and Raeesotojar and many other shops in this bazaar, each of them is the site for the sale of certain goods. In different times of the year, especially in religious festivals and celebrations, different feasts and various events are held in the old bazaar. On your trip to Bushehr, after Old Bazaar, visit Malek Mansion and the Museum of Anthropology to get acquainted with culture and history of the people of Bushehr. To visit the sights of Bushehr keep in touch with our experts on www.Inboundpersia.com

 

 

Bushehr on Map

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