Azerbaijan or Atropatene in antiquity

Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan also known as Iranian Azerbaijan, is a historical region in northwestern Iran that borders Iraq, Turkey, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan. Iranian Azerbaijan is administratively divided into West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan. The region is mostly populated by Azerbaijanis, with minority populations of Kurds, Armenians, Tats, Talysh, Assyrians and Persians. Iranian Azerbaijan is the land originally and historically called Azerbaijan; the Azerbaijani-populated Republic of Azerbaijan appropriated the name of the neighbouring Azerbaijani-populated region in Iran during the 20th century. Historic Azerbaijan was called Atropatene in antiquity and Aturpatakan in the pre-Islamic Middle Ages.The region is mountainous, with most of the area situated over 1000m above sea level and many peaks exceeding 3000m in height. Lake Orumieh, a shallow salt lake some 5000 square km in area, is sandwiched between West and East Azerbaijan provinces and is Iran's largest lake after the Caspian Sea.

Ardebil City

Situated on a high plateau approximately 1400m above sea level, the city of Ardebil has a history dating back to the time of Piruz Shah of the Sassanids (459-484). For centuries Ardebil was an important trading post between Russia and the Middle East before the rise of the modern state of Iran.Captured by the Arabs in 642 and destroyed by the Mongols in 1220, Ardebil was briefly the capital of Azerbaijan during the 10th century before being superseded by Tabriz. During the Russo-Iranian war of 1828-30, Ardebil was occupied by Russian troops and many important sites were damaged and historical treasures looted.Ardebil was the spiritual birthplace of Iran's first Shiite ruling dynasty, the Safavids. During the period from the end of the 13th century to the beginning of the 14th, a Sunni Dervish named Safi Al-Din founded the "Safavieh", an order of Sufi mystics who later converted to Shiism and established themselves in opposition to the ruling Mongol dynasty.Over the next century, the order grew increasingly powerful and militant, culminating in 1501 with the successful conquest of Azerbaijan, and soon after, the whole of Iran by the young Shah Ismail I, a descendant of Sheikh Safi Al-Din.The main historical attraction of the city of Ardebil is the mausoleum complex of Sheikh Safi Al-Din where Shah Ismail I and many of his descendents were also buried. The shrine was an important site of pilgrimage throughout the Safavid period (1501-1722) and underwent numerous improvements and embellishments to become one of the most beautiful of all Safavid monuments.The floor of the shrine to Sheikh Safi od-Din is covered with a reproduction of the most famous carpet in the world – the Ardebil Carpet


As the third largest Iranian city, Tabriz holds a special status in the country's economy and history. Tabriz is the capital of East Azerbaijan Province. It is the largest city, alongside being the administrative, communicational, commercial, and cultural hub of north-west Iran.The population according to the latest figures rests at 1558693 people. The city is located at 38° 2' North and 46° 25' East and the elevation varies from 1300m to 2100m.  

Tourist Attractions:

Ghovm Tepe Kavir of Tabriz, Kantal National Park, Arasbaran Forest, Carpet Bazaar of Tabriz, The Mashrooteh House (The Constitution House of Tabriz), Catholics' Church, El Goli Building, Kandovan, Masjed-e Kabūd (The Blue Mosque of Tabriz), Arg of Tabriz (Arg Ali Shah), Rab'-e Rashidi, Golestan Garden, Tombs of the great poets (Asadi Toosi, Khaghani, Shervani, Zahir Farabi, Ghataran Tabrizi, Hamam Tabrizi, Salman Savaji, Ghoted-din Shirazi, and the known poet Shahriar) and the heights of Sahand (a volcanic summit and mountain range 50km south of Tabriz and 40km north of the city of Maraghe, and south of Bostan Abad). This range has 17 summits with above 3000m altitude the highest of which is Ghooch-Ali-Daaghi that stands 3707m high, making it the highest place in the province.

The city dates from Parthian and Sassanid eras (2100 to 1600 years ago). Tabriz has been a nine-time capital of Persia and used to be the seat of government for long durations. During the Qajar period (19th century) it became the city of residence for the crown prince. During the 16th century, when Tabriz was Safavid Dynasty's seat of government, it was the world's fifth largest city. For several years on end Tabriz has been announced the most beautiful and developed city in Iran. Masjed-e Kabūd (The Blue Mosque of Tabriz) has been credited as the "Turquoise of Islam". The city has 17 museums, ranking second after Tehran for the number of museums. Such merits besides impressive historical and unique monuments, natural beauties, cultural, tribal and racial characteristics, superb artifacts and souvenirs and … turn the city into an unforgettable destination for tourists.  


Azarbaijan Provinces ,Iran

Inbound Persia Travel Agency